TDI has access to an unrivaled breadth of expertise within its three affiliated colleges. The College of Forestry, encompassing the departments of Wood Science and Engineering, Forest Ecosystems and Society and Forest Engineering, Resources and Management, was named as the number two forestry school worldwide in 2017 rankings. University of Oregon’s College of Design has been a US leader for almost 50 years in sustainable architecture. And OSU’s College of Engineering is home to the unique Construction Engineering Management program and one of the top robotics programs in the US. As of 2019 almost 30 research professors and their students and technical staff were engaged in research projects that are funded directly by TDI, and many more projects relevant to our mission are being carried out by our affiliated researchers through other funding.
Our affiliated academic units of the TallWood Design Institute are home to some of the best technical research facilities in the nation. As of May 2019 they were significantly enhanced upon completion of the A.A. "Red" Emmerson Advanced Wood Products Lab, which adds 14,000 square feet of structural testing and pilot manufacturing space, a flexible demonstration and classroom area, and the TallWood Design Institute Offices. A 60-foot long strong wall and floor system facilitates testing of wood structures up to 3-stories tall or simultaneous running of multiple testing projects. The manufacturing bay hosts an 8x10-foot Minda CLT press, a large-scale Biesse Uniteam 9 CNC machine capable of fabricating panels up to 8-x30-foot dimensions, and a Kuka robotic cell mounted on a linear track system, as well as various breakout equipment.
Within the OSU College of Engineering the strong floor at the O.H. Hinsdale Wave Research Laboratory is the second largest structural testing floor on the West Coast and allows researchers to simulate earthquakes and forces up to one million pounds and frames up to two stories high. The floor, measuring 24 feet wide and 68 feet long, is steel-reinforced, five feet thick concrete, with massive bolts and anchors to which materials can be attached and their strength tested.
The facility enables research on bridge girders, bridge decks, beam column connections, shear walls and other structures used in constructing buildings, bridges, and infrastructure. Large steel reaction frames attached to the strong floor allow researchers to apply forces to any component they need to test.
At the University of Oregon's Energy Studies in Buildings Laboratory, sophisticated testing can be undertaken on comfort and microbiology in built environments using equipment such as the Climate Chamber.
At OSU's College of Forestry, the Green Building Materials Lab houses a multi-chamber environmental control system for accelerated weathering, one of only three such systems worldwide. A more comprehensive list of facilities in this lab include:
- ASTM Standard Room (20°C, 65% R) - 550 ft²
- Hot-Dry Room (32°C, 27% RH) - 125 ft²
- Hot-Wet Room (30°C, 90% RH) - 125 ft²
- Walk-in Cold Room (5° C) - 185 ft²
- Walk-in Freezer (-10° C) - 125 ft²
- Multi-chamber Modular Environmental Conditioning (MCMEC) system (-40/+60oC, 5 – 95% RH, water spray and UV radiation array, 3 independent - controlled volumes, programmable control for accelerated weathering) – 210 ft
- Wellons High-Temperature Dry Kiln, 2000 BF capacity
- Vacuum drying system for organic compounds including a Refrigerated Vapor Trap, a manifold and a vacuum pump.
- Labconco freeze dryer
- Wide range of transducers and data acquisition equipment
Above: the "Multi-chamber Modular Environmental Conditioning (MCMEC)" system at Oregon State University, capable of simulating nearly any type of environmental exposure on materials and full construction assemblies.
Learn more here: http://gbml.oregonstate.edu/Facilities.php
Also within the College of Forestry, the Department of Wood Science and Engineering maintains facilities including the following:
Physical and Mechanical Testing
- Structural Engineering Lab – 3500 ft2
- Materials Testing Lab - 480 ft ²
- Fiber Characterization and Process Modeling Lab - 480 ft²
- NDE / Materials Characterization Lab - 860 ft²
- Full-scale wall testing fixture
- Unidirectional shake table to test walls and full panels
- 40 kip Hydraulic universal testing machine
- Rheometrics dynamic mechanical analyzer for solids and films
- Tinius-0lsen (20 N-m or 200 in-lb max) impact tester;
- General Electric Puncture Tester;
- Baldwin Impact Tester
- Two bench top Tinius-Olsen Universal Test Machines, 2500 N capacity and 100-lb, 100-lb and 2-lb capacity
- Digital Instruments Dimension 3100 atomic force microscope (SPM) with thermal, force modulation microscopy, and scanning tunneling microscopy capabilities
- Instron TTBML Testing Machine,
- Clifton Hydraulic Press,
- Automated Bonding Evaluation System,
- VIC3D Correlated Solutions unit for full-field optical measurement of 3D deformations and surface strains, based on the Digital Image Correlation (DIC) principle (can handle objects sizes from millimeters to meters),
- Small scale ElectroPuls(TM) E1000 Electrodynamic Test Instrument by Instron, for precise static, dynamic and fatigue tests on small composite specimens
Composites Fabrication and Research
- Wheeler Wood Composites Laboratory - 800 ft ²
- FRL Pulping and Fiber Processing Lab - 600 ft²
- FRL Grinding and Processing Facility - 400 ft²
- A Cross Laminated Timber Panel Press, 4 x 8 feet, 150 psi capacity.
- Laboratory hot-press, 36 x 36 inch, 1,000,000 lb capacity, computer controllable for either pressure or displacement, data acquisition, internal mat condition probes, maximum temperature of 425 deg. F.
- Laboratory hot-press, 40 x 48 inch, with sealed chamber, 28 inch ID, steam injection to 150 psi, 1,000,000 lb capacity, computer controllable for either pressure or displacement, data acquisition, maximum temperature of 500 deg. F.
- Carver bench-top laboratory hot presses; 9 x 9 in and 12 x 12 in platens
- Laboratory cold-press, 27 x 27 inch, 45 ton capacity
- In-press adhesive cure monitoring system - dielectric property measurement
- Forced air treatment vessel for vacuum pressure soak tests
- Various grinders and particle / flake sorting equipment
- Intelli-Torque Plasti-Corder Polymer mixing system
- An industrial scale Co-Rotating Twin Screw E-MAX ™ extruder has been acquired via donation by Entex Extruders
Microscopy, Imaging and Image Analysis
- Microscopy and Image Analysis Lab - 270 ft ²
- X-ray Densitometry Laboratory - 500 ft²
- VIC-Micro 3D™ by Correlated Solutions, Inc. (an optical system for full-field non-contact measurement of three-dimensional (3D) displacements velocities, and complete strain tensors under high magnifications: field of view from 0.8 mm to 7 mm).
- Malvern CGS-3 multi-angle light scattering spectrometer
- Atomic Force Microscope Digital Instruments D3100
- UV-Vis Spectrophotometer (Shimadzu 2501 (PC)
- Cryro ultra-microtome (Leica UC7/FC7)
- Variety of Optical Microscopes
- Image analysis systems including:
- QMS X-ray densitometer
- Stereomicroscope (Nikon SMZ-2, Zoom 1-6.3x magnification with 10x eyepiece)
- Compound microscope (Nikon Labophot-2, with 4x, 10x, 20x, 40x, and oil-immersion 100x objectives)
- Flourescence microscope (2 systems consisting of Nikon Eclipse E400 with three filter cubes: excite 340-380, dichroic 400, emit 435-555; excite 465-495, dichroic 505, emit 515-555; excite 525-553, dichroic 565, emit 577-632)
- Fiber optic light sources for epi-illumination
- Digital camera (CoolSNAP, with low-noise electronics to produce 12-bit monochrome or 36-bit digital color images at >1k x 1k resolution)
- Digital camera (2 units) Q-Imaging MP5, 5 megapixel
- Film camera (Nikon H-III)
- PCs with NIH ImageJ, CoolSNAP software, Q-Imaging software, and IDL